AFRICAN AMERICAN MEN AND PROSTATE CANCER
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland, just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate produces part of the fluid that carries sperm. Prostate cancer develops when the cells of the prostate form small tumors that could potentially spread throughout the body.
- African American men have the highest prostate cancer occurrence rates in the world.
- About 5 in 100 African American men will eventually die of prostate cancer compared to about 3 in 100 White or Hispanic/Latino men.
- African American men are more than twice as likely to die from prostate cancer as White men.
- For unknown reasons, the prostate cancer that affects African American men seems to be a more aggressive cancer than found in other Americans.
Being African American
Family history of prostate cancer
45 years old or older
Lack of a healthy diet and regular exercise
What You Should Look For
Many men do not experience any signs or symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer. When signs & symptoms do arise, they usually depend on how advanced the disease is. Once prostate cancer grows significantly or when the cancer spreads throughout the body, the following symptoms can be present:
Management and Prevention
Treatment for prostate cancer is a decision you will make with the help of your doctor. If found early, there are 3 treatment options you have when: Active Surveillance, Surgery and Radiation. For cancers that are more advanced or aggressive, treatments include hormone therapy and chemotherapy. Common side-effects of these treatments include erectile dysfunction, and problems with urine & bowel functions.
How to Catch Prostate Cancer Early
There are two screening tests that can be done to detect prostate cancer. Right now, neither of these tests tell you for sure if you prostate cancer. Only a biopsy can definitively tell you whether prostate cancer is actually present.